Updated Plastic Surgery Glossary

  • Saturday August 19, 2006 | Posted in: Plastic Surgery Glossary

    Abdominoplasty: commonly referred to as a “tummy tuck”, this surgical procedure is done to flatten your abdomen by removing extra fat and skin, and by tightening abdominal wall muscles

    Adipocytes: Fat cells

    Adipose tissue: specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat in the form of triglycerides; Commonly known as fat.

    Aesthetic Plastic Surgery: See Cosmetic Plastic Surgery

    Aesthetic Surgery: See Cosmetic Plastic Surgery

    Age spots: Brown spots on the skin that are visible evidence of accumulated long-term sun damage

    Alopecia: complete or partial hair loss

    Anesthesia: the lack of a normal sensation as a result of drugs or gases, commonly induced artificially for the period of a surgical operation

    Areola: the dark area of skin surrounding the nipple of the breast.

    Arm Lift: this procedure eliminates excess skin from the upper arm. Also known as brachioplasty and "arm tightening"

    Asymmetry: the lack of symmetry; parts of the body are unequal in shape or size.

    Blepharoplasty: A cosmetic surgical procedure done to reduce bagginess from lower eyelids and raises drooping upper eyelids.

    Board Certified Surgeon: physicians who have completed the required course of study, including an accredited residency, and have passed a variety of exams, or boards, in a field of medicine.

    Botox: Trade name for botulinum toxin, which is used to reduce or eliminate wrinkles or frown lines without harm. Works by preventing nerve impulses from reaching the muscle, causing the muscle to relax.

    Breast augmentation: a procedure to reshape the breast in order to make it larger.

    Breast Implant: a silicone shell filled with either silicone gel or saline that is used in cosmetic surgery to enhance the size and shape of a woman's breasts, or to reconstruct the breast.

    Breast Lift: See Mastopexy

    Breast Reconstruction: A surgical procedure designed to recreate a breast that was lost due to breast cancer, trauma or other disease.

    Breast Reduction: a surgical procedure involving the reduction in the size of breasts

    Brow lift: A surgical procedure that involves the tightening of the skin of the forehead and eyebrows to correct frown lines in the forehead and eliminate sagging eyebrows.

    Buttock Lift: the reduction of excess fat and loose skin in the buttock area in combination with liposuction

    Calf Augmentation: a surgical procedure done to increase fullness of the calf with the use of implants made of hard silicone.

    Capsular Contracture: shrinkage of the scar tissue around an implant, causing hardness, distortion and sometimes pain; the most common complication of breast reconstruction surgery

    Cellulite: fatty deposits that cause a dimpled or uneven appearance of the skin, frequently appearing on the buttocks, thighs and hips.

    Cheek Augmentation: a procedure to contour and angle the cheeks with the use of grafts, surgical implants, or injectable fillers.

    Chemical peel: A process designed to remove dead skin cells and stimulate the production of new skin cells through the application of a chemical solution to the skin.

    Chin Augmentation: a cosmetic surgery procedure done to improve the appearance of a person's chin with the use of implants.

    Cleft Lip: an abnormality in which the lip failed to close during development.

    Cleft Palate: an abnormal fissure of the back of the mouth which failed to close during gestation

    Collagen: A protein chemical substance that is the main support of skin, tendon, bone, cartilage and connective tissue

    Collagen/Fat Injectable Fillers: a plastic surgery technique used to correct wrinkles, depressions in the skin, and/or scarring.

    Collagen Injections: See Collagen/Fat Injectable Fillers

    Congenital: term referring to a condition existing at birth.

    Cosmetic Dermatologist: a physician focusing on aesthetic or cosmetic procedures/treatments for the skin

    Cosmetic Plastic Surgery: an elective procedure performed to reshape normal structures in the body in order to improve appearance and self-esteem; also known as aesthetic plastic surgery

    Cosmetic Surgery: See Cosmetic Plastic Surgery

    Craniofacial: term used to refer to the head and face.

    Crows feet: wrinkles at the outside corners of the eyes, resulting from aging, normal facial expression and sun exposure

    Debriding: The removal of dead or devitalized tissue prior to reconstructive or cosmetic surgery.

    Depilation: the process of removing hair from the skin

    Dermabrasion: a facial sanding technique where the top layers of the skin is removed with a high speed rotating brush or a diamond coated wheel. It is used to treat scars and wrinkles, raised scar tissue, and cases of cystic acne.

    Dermatologist: A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin problems.

    Dermis: The lower or inner layer of the two main layers of tissue that make up the skin.

    Deviated septum: A condition in which the septum (the wall inside the nose that divides it into two sides) is not located in the middle of the nose where it should be.

    Electrolysis: A process of removing hair in which heat or chemicals are used to destroy the hair follicle.

    Endoscope: an illuminated optic instrument used to examine the inside of any part of the body

    Endoscopy: a procedure in which the inside of a body cavity is viewed with an endoscope

    Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. It is also the skin's thinnest layer.

    Expander: a balloon-like device used to create a breast mound in breast reconstruction surgery

    Eye lift: See blepharoplasty

    Eyelid Surgery: See Blepharoplasty

    Facelift: See Rhytidectomy

    Facial Implant: this cosmetic surgery procedure is typically done to change the shape of the chin, check, or jaw.

    Facial Plastic Surgeon: a plastic surgeon specializing in cosmetic and/or reconstructive surgery of the head and neck

    Fascia: A type of connective tissue used in lip augmentation to produce fuller lips.

    Forehead Lift: a procedure which corrects sagging brows or deep furrows between the eyes through the surgical removal of excess fat and skin and the tightening of the muscles in the forehead area.

    Grafting: A surgical procedure which involves the removal of healthy skin and/or muscle from one area of the body to a disease- or injury-damaged area of the body.

    Gynecomastia: Abnormal enlargement of male breasts

    Gynecomastia Correction: the surgical procedure for the correction of gynecomastia

    Hair Replacement Surgery: A procedure done to fill balding areas with a patient's own hair through various methods such as strip grafts,scalp reduction,scalp flaps and the like

    Hair Restoration: procedures meant to improve or restore the natural hairline of a patient

    Hematoma: a collection of blood under the skin or in an organ.

    Keloid: a raised scar that is caused by excessive tissue growth at the site of an incision or wound.

    Laser: A medical instrument that concentrates light into an intense, narrow beam for use in surgery, to diagnose disease, and in cancer therapy; acronym for Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation

    Laser Resurfacing: a technique that directs short, concentrated pulsating beams of light at irregular skin to reduce facial wrinkles, blemishes or acne scars

    Lidocaine: A local anesthetic.

    Lip Augmentation: a procedure designed to enhance the fullness of the lips with the use of injections of a soft tissue filler or by the placement of a grafted or synthetic material.

    Lip Lift: a procedure that surgically lifts the corners of the mouth to get rid of the prominent droop and unhappy facial expression that often develops as the person ages.

    Lip Reduction: the surgical removal of a small strip of the mucosa (lining of the lip) to reduce the lips to the desired proportion.

    Lipectomy: the removal of fatty tissues through surgery

    Lipolysis: the chemical decomposition or splitting up of fat.

    Lipolytic: a term pertaining to, or causing lipolysis.

    Lipoplasty: the surgical removal and/or displacement of fatty or lipid substance.

    Liposuction: the removal of excess fat through a suctioning process to change the shape and contour of the body.

    Mammoplasty: refers to any reconstructive or cosmetic surgical procedure that results in the alteration of the size or shape of the breast.

    Mastectomy: the partial or complete surgical removal of the breast

    Mastopexy: a surgical procedure used to lift and reshape sagging or drooping breasts. Commonly known as a breast lift

    Maxillofacial: a term used to refer the face and jaws.

    Mentoplasty: See Chin Augmentation

    Nose Job: See Rhinoplasty

    Partial Abdominoplasty: a "mini tummy tuck"; for patients with fat deposits confined to the area below the bellybutton.

    Plastic Surgeon: A physician who specializes in cosmetic and/or reconstructive surgery

    Plastic Surgery: the surgical specialty that deals with the restoration or improvement of the appearance of body structures

    Ptosis: drooping or sagging of a body part, especially the eyebrows, eyelids, and breasts

    Reconstructive Plastic Surgery: a type of plastic surgery performed to repair or correct abnormalities caused by disease, trauma, congenital defects, other surgeries, or infections in order to approximate a normal appearance or to improve function.

    Rhinoplasty: a cosmetic surgery procedure that changes the structure of the nose, either to enhance appearance or to correct a deformity or injury. Commonly referred to as a nose job.

    Rhytidectomy: also known as a facelift, this surgical procedure eliminates sagging, drooping, and wrinkled skin of the face and neck.

    Scar Revision: a surgical procedure designed to improve the appearance of a scar.

    Sclerotherapy: Also known as vein therapy, this medical procedure is used to eliminate varicose veins and spider veins.

    Septoplasty: Often performed along with rhinoplasty, this surgical procedure is done to improve the flow of air to your nose by repairing malformed cartilage and/or the bony portion.

    Soft-Tissue Augmentation: See Collagen/Fat Injectable Fillers

    Soft-Tissue Fillers: See Collagen/Fat Injectable Fillers

    Spider vein: a form of varicose veins often shaped like spider webs that appear in clusters, commonly on the feet, ankles, or thighs.

    Subcutaneous: A term referring to below the skin.

    Suture: surgical stitching used to close an incision or hold tissue together

    Thigh Lift: a surgical procedure done to tighten sagging muscles and remove excess skin in the thigh area.

    Tumescent: a liposuction technique which involves the injection of a dilute local anesthetic into the tissue to be suctioned

    Tummy Tuck: See Abdominoplasty

    Varicose vein: abnormally widened and twisted veins found near the surface of the skin.

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  • Neil Crespi - July 1, 2006, 6:03 am PDT

    Great plastic surgery definitions. How long did it take to define all those terms?!?

    I submitted a request for consultation, hope to hear from you soon!

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